12.3.047-98 
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.  .     . .1 ....

12.3.047-98 => . . . .1 . .2 .

 
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1 100 F = 3 2. 18 12 4 , 4 3 . , 10-6.

, = 2,7 /(2). t (.6)

t = 100 / (3 2,7) 12,4 .

(.4)

.

t . .4 t < 0,5 . A = P. = 0, .2 = 0,6 10-5 2/. , (.6), :

= 10-6 / (6 10-6 18 12) 7,7 10-4.

.4, , b 3,1. (.8):

= 0,527 (0,36 3,1) 1,6.

t :

t < 1,6 0,5 = 0,8 .

2 20 -2. 18 12 4 , 4 3 . = 10-6 2/.

. V

V = 18 12 4 = 864 3 < 1000 3.

(.3)

.

(.4). G

G = 20 18 12 = 4320 .

(.4) ,

.

.7 t t , t 0,8 . 1 t:

t = 1,6 0,8 1,3 .

 

 

()

 

 

.1

M.1.1 (, , , ..), .

.1.2 , .

.1.3 :

- ;

- , , , ;

- ;

- .

 

.2

.2.1 :

- , , s, 2;

- Fa, 2;

- , ;

- L, ;

- , , I, /(2 );

- W, /(2 );

- , /2.

F, 2, f 2.

.2.2 Qi, 3/, , , ,

, (.1)

ji = 0,65 - ;

si - i- ;

g - , 9,81 /2;

i - i- .

.2.3 Q s o.

.2.4 F, 2.

.2.5

, (M.2)

hmax = 0,8L - .

.2.6 , ( ) Q0, 3/,

, (.3)

r - , /3.

W .

.2.7 < 1,

. (.4)

M.2.8 ³ 1 f :

.2.8.1 ,

, (.5)

r - , /3.

.2.8.2

, (.6)

Qmax - , .2.2.

.2.8.3 b .1 . .1 ,

(.7)

 

M.1 - b

 

b

b

b

b

0,000

0,000

0,990

0,993

3,107

1,901

14,999

3,408

0,071

0,106

1,000

1,000

3,418

1,987

16,573

3,506

0,170

0,241

1,045

1,030

3,762

2,075

18,313

3,605

0,268

0,361

1,081

1,053

4,144

2,164

20,236

3,705

0,362

0,467

1,185

1,117

4,568

2,255

22,362

3,804

0,454

0,560

1,255

1,158

5,037

2,347

24,711

3,903

0,540

0,642

1,337

1,205

5,557

2,440

27,308

4,003

0,622

0,714

1,433

1,256

6,132

2,534

30,178

4,102

0,697

0,777

1,543

1,313

6,769

2,628

33,351

4,219

0,765

0,831

1,668

1,374

7,473

2,725

36,857

4,302

0,853

0,877

1,810

1,439

8,253

2,821

40,732

4,401

0,876

0,915

1,971

1,509

9,115

2,918

45,014

4,501

0,921

0,946

2,151

1,581

10,068

3,015

54,978

4,701

0,955

0,970

2,352

1,657

11,121

3,113

67,148

4,901

0,980

0,980

2,575

1,736

12,287

3,211

74,210

5,000

0,986

0,986

2,828

1,817

13,575

3,309

 

 

 

M.2.8.4 f 3,

. (.8)

.2.9 f f > f.

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:

12.3.047-98

.

13.220

4854

3

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7 ,

,

.1

.2 ,

.1

.3

Z = 0,5 F, (A.22)

, ()

.1 , ,

.2 , ,

B = (1 + S2) / (2S), (B.10)

= (2,722 + 4,102 + 1) / (2 4,1) = 3,08,

.1

.1

.1

.2

.3

.1

.1

.2

.2

.1

.2

( )

.1

.1

.2

.3

.1

.2

.3

.4

.5

.6 ,

.3

.4

.7 ,

.1

.1

.2

.2

.1

.2

.3

.4

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