12.3.047-98 
 .       ...   12.3.047-98 
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12.3.047-98 => . . B = (1 + s2) / (2s),...

 
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()

 

 

.1 q, /2,

q = Ef Fq t, (B.1)

Ef - , /2;

Fq - ;

t - .

.2 Ef . .1.

 

B.1 -

 

Ef, /2, d,

, /(2)

10

20

30

40

50

()

220

180

150

130

120

0,08

(-)

80

63

50

43

40

0,1

60

47

35

28

25

0,06

40

32

25

21

18

0,04

25

19

15

12

10

0,04

- 10 50 Ef , 10 50

 

Ef 100 /2 , 40 /2 .

8.3 d, ,

, (.2)

S - , 2.

8.4 , ,

, (.3)

- , /(2);

r - , /3;

g - , 9,81 /2.

8.5 Fq

, (.4)

, (.5)

, (.6)

Sl = 2r/d (r - ), (.7)

h = 2H / d; (B.8)

, (.9)

B = (1 + S2) / (2S), (B.10)

B.6 t

t = exp [-7,0 10-4 (r - 0,5d)] (B.11)

- 300 2 40 .

d (.2)

.

(.3),

= 0,06 / (2), g = 9,81 /2 r = 1,2 /3:

Fq (.4)-(.10), r = 40 :

h = 2 26,5 / 19,5 = 2,72,

S1 =2 40 / 19,5= 4,10,

= (2,722 + 4,102 + 1) / (2 4,1) = 3,08,

B = (1 + 4,12) / (2 4,1) = 2,17,

t (.11)

t = exp [-7,0 10 -4 (40 - 0,5 19,5)] = 0,979.

q (.1), f = 47 /2 .1:

q = 47 0,0324 0,979 = 1,5 /2.

 

 

()

 

 

.1

(), .

.1.1

.1.1.1 , .

d , . .

0, , ,

0 = (1 - d) MgLg / (Cp.a (Ta - Tg) + XwLw), (.1)

g - , ;

.a - , /();

Lg - , /;

Ta - , ;

g - , ;

w - ;

Lw - , /.

d

d = 1 - (-p.g (Ta - Tg) / Lg), (.2)

Cp.g - , /().

.1.1.2 , vd = 0,6n (n - ) , . , .

, ( ) - ( ) :

dMa / dt = ra p r2 a2 a3 n Ri-1 + 2 ra 1 (dr / dt) p rh,

dT / dt =((dMa / dt) Cp.a (Ta - T) + p r2 (Tgr - T)1,333) / (MaCp.a + MgCp.g), (.3)

dr / dt = a4 (gh (rg.a - ra) / rg.a)0,5,

Ma - , ;

ra - , /3;

r - , ;

1, a2, a3, a4 - (1 = 0,7, 2 = 0,5, a4 = 1,07, a3 = 0,3 - ( , .1); 0,24 - -; 0,16 - E-F);

Ri - ,

;

h - , ;

- , ;

gr - . ;

rg.a - , /3.

 

.1-

 

, /

, /

1

>>> 0,01

2

>> 0,01

5

> 0,01

D

5

0,01

3

< 0,01

F

2

( )

 

Ma = Ma (t), = (t), r = r (t).

rg.a = (Ma + Mg) / (Ma / ra + Mg / rg) (Ta / T). (.4)

:

(rg.a - ra) / ra < 10-3. (.5)

h = h (t)

h (t) = (Ma / ra + Mg / rg) (T / Ta) (1 / (p r (t)2). (.6)

.1.1.3 (.. ), .

(, , z)

(.7)

sy, sz - , xc - x0;

c - ,

x0 - , ;

sy (xc - x0); sz (xc - x0) .

xc = x0 sy0 = r / 2,14, sz0 = h / 2,14;

xc > x0

.1.2

,

, (.8)

Q = tj - j- , ;

- , /;

xj - j- , ;

, - j- , .

, - sy, sz .1.1.3.

-

( , ) , t0 1,3 /, 1 /, 0,667 /.

, , - ( .1).

t0 + 10 t0 + 300 .2.

 

 

.1 -

 

 

t0 -

.2 -

 

 

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:

12.3.047-98

.

13.220

4854

3

1

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3

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5

6

7 ,

,

.1

.2 ,

.1

.3

Z = 0,5 F, (A.22)

, ()

.1 , ,

.2 , ,

B = (1 + S2) / (2S), (B.10)

= (2,722 + 4,102 + 1) / (2 4,1) = 3,08,

.1

.1

.1

.2

.3

.1

.1

.2

.2

.1

.2

( )

.1

.1

.2

.3

.1

.2

.3

.4

.5

.6 ,

.3

.4

.7 ,

.1

.1

.2

.2

.1

.2

.3

.4

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